Along with html and css it is one of the 3 pillars of web design.
It is a gateway to other technologies such as AJAX, jQuery, node.js. And an indispensable requirement for any web designer who wants to make better webs or any web programmer who aspires to other programming languages.
Its history is exciting.
We are in 1995. The invention of the web is barely 4 years old and to connect to the internet we need to do it with a 56k modem router that has an endearing melody.
If we connect to the network, we'll lose our phone at home. And the connection is charged at the cost of the phone call.
Considering the technological difficulties of the moment, the people who connect to the Internet are quite a lot.
We live in a decade where Microsoft's monopoly on personal computers is a given, but a small company, Netscape, is emerging as one of the new giants of the net.
We had everything still before us to invent.
For Microsoft, the fact that people could surf the Internet without using windows meant the beginning of the end of its hegemony. It couldn't afford it.
So it was necessary to do everything possible to impose its own solution on users to regain control. Microsoft set to work on a copy of Netscape.
Netscape and Microsoft played cat-and-mouse.
Netscape enjoyed the favor of the users. It was a cutting-edge tool that worked very well for navigation. It was a pay tool.
And on the other hand, Microsoft had the strength of large commercial agreements with computer manufacturers, a very talented and huge workforce, and total control of Windows.
If Netscape brought out a new innovation, Microsoft would do everything possible to copy it. Even if it was late and bad...
And in a clever move to ensure dominance of the market, Microsfot ,with windows 95 introduced its free Explorer browser (a copy of Netscape) along with its operating system.
This would later trigger an antitrust complaint against Microsoft that will sound familiar. (or maybe I'm getting older and the young people don't know what I'm talking about! ;-))
Market segment of Netscape and Explorer browsers
We must think that the war against Explorer was so uneven that Netscape was forced to continually differentiate itself in order to offer functionality that would justify payment for its tool.
I can't even imagine the level of stress Netscape employees were under. But they were phenomenal, and a staff of 21 was able for a long time to stand up to an entire new technology giant.
A young talent named Brendan Eich worked at Netscape. Brendan was tasked with creating a new programming language in 10 days because he had to come up with the new version of the browser.
The goal of this language was to enable web pages to harness the processing power of computers to make Internet browsing faster.
In the conventional pages of the time, to make a simple sum you had to load a document, do the mathematical operation in the server and send it to a new document that had to be loaded again. At 56k network speed for the best of connections you can imagine the slowness of the entire process.
At http://www.loband.org/loband/simulator.jsp you can access a simulator of what it was like to surf the Internet in 1995.
The point is that Brendan did an excellent job. You have to realize that he is the current CEO of Mozilla!
In the beginning this language was called Mocha, and later changed its name to Livescript. A new Internet technology was born.
The aim of this language was to enable websites to take advantage of the computing power of browsers in order to make Internet browsing faster
Now we have 2 languages to try to solve the same problem! As you can imagine the programmers of the time were very happy...
THE SECTOR'S MOVEMENTS
This browser war led to a very rough situation where web pages worked for Explorer but not for Netscape or vice versa. It was a problem.
In an attempt to standardize the situation, a European consortium, the European Computer Manufacturers Association (ECMA), released a standard version of the script in 1997 in order to define the functionalities of the language.
Unfortunately, neither version ever met the standard.
It was just a matter of time before Netscape lost the battle against Microsoft.
Little could Netscape do against the monopolistic pressure of the Internet giant and in a few years it would end up shutting down.
However, it made a controversial move by releasing all its code to the community in 1998.
The browsers Opera, Mozilla, Safari and Chrome would be the heirs to this code. This explains why there are often applications and websites that work for some browsers and not for others.
However, for many years few visionaries gave this language its main role. In fact, it was not considered a serious language... From 1997 to 2007 there were very few changes in the ECMAscript standard.
It was companies like Yahoo and Google with the Gmail appwebs, Google Maps, ... who bet heavily on this language and saw its full potential.
Jquery is a framework that unified the code of all web browsers to ensure that the same code instruction worked correctly everywhere. And that by cracking less code you could do much more.
From here on the libraries followed one another. node.js... and a moment of maximum splendour we find it with the new tag
Nowadays the language allows to program robots, web applications, ... and to give answer to an endless number of unthinkable possibilities 15 years ago.
One of the things I like most about this is that we are witnessing the living history of mankind.
The vast majority of people who made everything possible are still alive!
Web Developer, Blogger, Creative Thinker, Social media enthusiast, Italian expat in Spain, mom of little 6 years old geek, founder of @manoweb. A strong conceptual and creative thinker who has a keen interest in all things relate to the Internet. A technically savvy web developer, who has multiple years of website design expertise behind her. She turns conceptual ideas into highly creative visual digital products.
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