Web application development is like building a house. You have the option of creating everything from scratch with construction materials. But it will take a long time and can incur high costs.
But if you use ready-made materials, such as bricks, and assemble them according to the architecture, construction is streamlined and saves money and time.
- To build websites
- Front-end application development
- Back-end application development
- Hybrid application development
- E-commerce applications
- Build modular scripts, e.g. Node.js
- Manually update the DOM
- Automate repetitive tasks using templates and bi-directional linking
- Develop video games
- Create image carousels
- Code testing and debugging
- To group modules
It was created to simplify the development and testing of web applications with a framework for MVC and MVVM client-side architectures.
- Supports two-way data binding.
- Use the directive to insert into HTML code and give the application better functionality
- Declare static documents quickly and easily.
- Its environment is readable, expressive and fast to develop.
- Impressive extensibility and customisability to work with
- Built-in testing capability and support for dependency injection.
- Develop e-commerce applications.
- Developing real-time data applications for weather updates.
- Example: YouTube PlayStation 3
Released in 2016, Aurelia is a simple, unobtrusive and powerful open source JS framework for building responsive mobile, desktop and browser applications.
It aims to focus on aligning web specifications with convention rather than configuration and requires fewer intrusions on the framework.
- Aurelia is designed to run high performance and perform batch DOM updates efficiently.
- It offers consistent and scalable performance even with a complex user interface.
- A comprehensive ecosystem with state management, validation and internationalisation.
- Enables reactive binding and synchronises your state automatically with high performance.
- Easier unit testing.
- Unprecedented extensibility to create custom elements, add attributes, manage template generation, etc.
- Take advantage of advanced client-side routing, UI composition and progressive enhancements.
- Develop applications.
- Use server-side rendering.
- Perform bi-directional data binding.
Vue.js can be adopted incrementally from its core and can scale between a framework and a library easily based on various use cases.
- Supports ES5 compliant browsers.
- It has a core library that is accessible and focuses only on the view layer.
- It also supports other useful libraries that can help you manage the complexities associated with one-page applications.
- Lightning fast virtual DOM, 20 kb min+gzip runtime, and needs less optimization.
- Perfect for use in small projects that need less reactivity, show a modal, include a form using Ajax, etc.
- It can also be used in large single page applications using its Vuex and Router components.
- For creating events, linking classes, updating the content of elements, etc.
The open source JS framework Ember.js is a proven and productive framework for creating web applications with rich user interfaces, capable of running on all devices.
It was released in 2011 and was then called SproutCore 2.0.
- Scalable UI architecture.
- The "Stacks Included" perspective helps you find everything you need to start building your application right away.
- Features the Ember CLI functioning as the backbone of Ember applications and offering code generators to create new entities.
- Comes with a built-in development environment with fast auto-reloads, rebuilds and test runners.
- A first-class router that uses data loading with query parameters and URL segments.
- Ember Data is a data access library that works with multiple sources simultaneously and maintains model updates.
- For building modern interactive web applications.
- Used by DigitalOcean, Square, Accenture, etc.
Node.js is designed to help you develop scalable, fast and reliable web-based server-side applications.
Faster code execution.
You can control asynchronous I/O using its event-driven architecture.
Displays Java-like properties such as bundling, threading, looping.
No buffering issues for video or audio, as processing time is significantly reduced.
For developing server-side applications.
Create real-time web applications.
Develop browser games.
Corporate usage includes GoDaddy, LinkedIn, Netflix, PayPal, AWS, IBM, and more.
The lightweight JS framework Backbone.js was created in 2010 and is based on the Model View Presenter (MVP) architecture.
It has a RESTful JSON interface and helps you build client-side web applications. It structures web applications with models for custom events and key-value binding, collections with an efficient API and views using declarative event handling.
- Free and open source, with over 100 extensions available.
- Impressive design with less code.
- Offers structured and organised application development.
- Code is simple and easy to learn and maintain.
- Softer dependency on jQuery and stronger dependency on Underscore.js.
- Develop simple page applications.
- Seamless front-end JS functions.
- To create organised and well-defined mobile or client-side web applications.
The Next.js open source platform provides a React front-end web development framework. Launched in 2016, it enables functionality such as static site creation and server-side rendering.
Automatic image optimisation using snapshot builds.
Built-in domain and subdomain routing and automatic language detection.
Real-time analytics scoring showing visitor data and per-page information.
Automatic aggregation and compilation.
Can pre-render a page at request time (SSR) or build time (SSG).
Supports TypeScript, file system routing, API paths, CSS, code splitting and grouping, and more.
This production-ready framework allows you to create both static and dynamic JAMstack sites.
Every application needs to be tested before being deployed. This is what Mocha or Mocha.js does for you.
It is a feature-rich open source JS testing framework that runs on Node.js as well as in a browser.
- Makes asynchronous testing fun and effortless.
- Allows Node.js tests to run concurrently.
- Automatically detects and turns off the colouring of a non-TTY stream.
- Reports test duration.
- Displays slow tests.
- Meta-generate test suites and test cases.
- Support for multiple browsers, configuration files, node debugger, source map, Growl, and more.
- To perform application audits.
- Execute functions in a given order using functions and record test results.
- Clean up the state of the tested software to ensure that each test case is executed separately.
- Leverages Cordova and Capacitor plugins to access OS features such as GPS, camera, torch, etc.
- Includes typography, mobile components, interactive paradigms, beautiful themes and custom components.
- Provides a CLI for object creation.
- Enables push notifications, creates app icons, native binaries and Splash screens.
- To build hybrid mobile apps.
- Build the front-end user interface framework.
- Create engaging interactions.
The easy-to-use Webix framework helps you develop rich UIs using lighter code. It offers 102 UI widgets such as DataTable, Tree, Spreadsheets, etc., along with feature-rich HTML5/CSS JS controls.
- Easy to use JS file management.
- Save time using built-in widgets and UI controls.
- Easy to understand code.
- Cross platform and cross browser compatibility.
- Fast performance for widget rendering, and even for large datasets such as Trees, Lists, etc.
- GDPR and HIPAA compliant along with unlimited extensibility and web accessibility.
- For developing UIs.
- Cross-platform web application development.
Gatsby helps you develop high performance websites and applications with React, a free and open source front-end JS framework. Check it out on GitHub.
- High performance with automatic code splitting, inlining styles, image optimisation, lazy-loading, etc. to optimise sites.
- Its serverless rendering creates HTML in the attic during build time. Therefore, no server and DDoS attacks or malicious requests.
- Increased web accessibility.
- More than 2000 plugins, themes and recipes.
- Development of front-end applications and websites.
- Generation of static sites.
- Server-side rendering.
- Used by sites such as Airbnb and Nike, the latter for its "Just Do It" project.
Meteor is an open source JS framework released in 2012. It allows you to create complete applications for mobile, desktop and web.
- Integrate tools and frameworks for more functionality such as MongoDB, React, Cordova, etc.
- Build applications on any device.
- APM to see application performance.
- Live browser reloading.
- Open source isomorphic development ecosystem (IDevE) for easy development from scratch.
- Rapid prototyping.
- Cross-platform applications.
- Sites built with Meteor: Pathable, Maestro, Chatra, etc.
Although not as popular as some of the other items on this list, Mithril is an advanced client-side JS framework for developing client-side applications. It is lightweight - less than 10kb gzip - but fast and offers XHR and routing utilities.
- Pure JS framework.
- Compatibility with all major browsers without polyfills.
- Creates Vnode data structures.
- Provides declarative APIs to handle user interface complexities.
- Single page applications.
- Used by sites like Vimeo, Nike, etc.
Express.js is a back-end JS framework for web application development. It was released in 2010 under the MIT Incense as free and open source software.
It is a fast and minimalistic Node.js web framework that comes with a number of useful features.
- Scalable and lightweight.
- Enables reception of HTTP responses by allowing you to configure middleware.
- Features a routing table to perform actions based on the URL and HTTP method.
- Includes rendering of dynamic HTML pages.
- Rapid development of node-based applications.
- Creation of REST APIs.
Slick is a useful JS tool that takes care of your carousel needs. It is responsive and scalable with its container. Its features include CSS3 support, sliding, mouse dragging, full accessibility, infinite loop, autoplay, lazy loading, and many more.
Babel is a free and open source JS compiler that you can use to convert new JS features to run old standard JS. The plugin is also used for transforming syntax that is not compatible with an older version. It provides polyfills to support missing features in certain JS environments.
iziModal is an elegant, lightweight, flexible and responsive modal plugin that works with jQuery. It's useful for notifying your users of something or requesting information using a modal popup. It is easy to use and comes with many customisations.
Finding and fixing bugs in your JS code is easy using ESLint. It analyzes codes statistically to quickly detect syntax errors, command line style problems, etc., and fixes them automatically.
Shave is a zero dependency JS plugin that you can use to truncate text inside HTML elements by setting a maximum height to fit perfectly inside the element. It also stores some extra original text inside a hidden <span> element, ensuring that no text is lost.
Webpack is a tool for packaging JS modules for modern applications. You can write the code and use it to package your assets in a reasonable way while keeping the code clean.
In JS libraries, the primary code calls the function provided by a library.
In JS frameworks, the framework itself calls the code and uses it in a specific way. It defines the overall design of the application.
Commonly, developers start the development process with a JS framework and then complete the application's functions with JS libraries and the help of an API.
Different libraries and frameworks serve different purposes and have their own sets of pros and cons. Therefore, you should choose them based on your unique requirements and future goals associated with a website or application.
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Licenciada en Bellas Artes y programadora por pasión. Cuando tengo un rato retoco fotos, edito vídeos y diseño cosas. El resto del tiempo escribo en MA-NO WEB DESIGN END DEVELOPMENT.
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