AI predicts crimes in the US like Minority Report

by Janeth Kent Date: 19-09-2022 AI

As in Spielberg's film based on Philip K. Dick's novel, an AI model was able to predict crimes in some American cities before they happened. However, it also revealed the racism that exists in the police.

Once again, a science fiction bestseller has (almost) anticipated the future: in 1956, Philp K. Dick's Minority Report - which became Spielberg's 2002 movie of the homonymous title starring Tom Cruise - imagined that, in a Washington of 2054, the 'Precrime Department' could predict murders and arrest criminals before they went into action.

IA IN THE SERVICE OF THE POLICE. Now, in 2022, a team from the University of Chicago has created an artificial intelligence (AI) model that can predict the location of the next crime - and not the criminals, as in the novel - one week before it happens, with 90 per cent accuracy: the algorithm, trained on data from violent crimes (such as murders or assaults) and property crimes (robberies of various kinds) that occurred between 2014 and 2016 in Chicago, has been tested on eight US cities for now. "We created a digital copy of an urban environment," explains Ishanu Chattopadhyay, one of the authors. "If you feed the AI with data about what happened in the past, it tells you what will happen in the future." The results of the study were published in Nature Human Behaviour.

RACISM?  In the past, attempts to use AI to predict crimes had been the subject of much criticism, due to the racism that emerged: in 2016, for example, the Chicago police department tested an algorithm that was meant to identify those most at risk of being involved in a shooting, but ran into race bias, as it included 56% of the city's black residents.

RICH AND POOR. Chattopadyhay admits that even the new algorithm might be flawed by racist prejudices, but that it would help to highlight them. In fact, the predictions of the AI found that, in Chicago, the number of arrests differs from neighbourhood to neighbourhood: in wealthier areas, the police intervene much more often, arresting offenders more often than in poorer areas.

In order to be as neutral as possible, the model divided the city into several areas about 300 m2 in size, which do not correspond to real neighbourhoods: this created a new view of the city, 'allowing us to ask new questions and evaluate police action in new ways,' explains James Evans, one of the authors.

LESS VIOLENCE. The idea is not to create a tool that triggers a manhunt, but to inform the police in order to prevent crimes: "Preventing crimes serves to ensure that they don't happen and that no one has to go to jail, helping the whole community," specifies Chattopadhyay, who hopes that the model created by his team will serve to reduce crime and identify areas in cities where prejudices are reflected in police policies and actions.

by Janeth Kent Date: 19-09-2022 AI hits : 686  
Janeth Kent

Janeth Kent

Licenciada en Bellas Artes y programadora por pasión. Cuando tengo un rato retoco fotos, edito vídeos y diseño cosas. El resto del tiempo escribo en MA-NO WEB DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT.


Related Posts

How to Send Email from an HTML Contact Form

In today’s article we will write about how to make a working form that upon hitting that submit button will be functional and send the email (to you as a…

Deepfakes Detection – An Emerging Technological Challenge

It is highly probable that while browsing the Internet, everyone of us has at some point stumbled upon a deepfake video. Deepfakes usually depict well-known people doing really improbable things…

7 Astonishing New Uses of Machine Learning

Recently a strange video published on YouTube caused a controversy – it was a funny take on Queen Elizabeth’s traditional Christmas message created by Channel 4, a British public-service television broadcaster. They…

What is DNS Blockchain and how to use it

To be able to navigate the Internet, to enter a website and have it show us all the content we want and search for, certain functions and characteristics are necessary.…

GAN Generated Images

Let’s play a game - can you guess what these portraits have in common?  They all depict non-existent people. All these images were created by artificial intelligence. We could say, that…

Hashmap: hashing, collisions and first functions

Today we are going to study some concepts closely related to hashmaps. The concepts we are going to see are hashing and collisions. Hashing The idea of hashing with chaining is to…

How are businesses using artificial intelligence?

The term Artificial Intelligence (AI), "the intelligence of the machines", unifies two words that, a priori, could not be associated, since the term intelligence is attributed to the faculty of…

What is the origin of the word SPAM?

It is 40 years since the first spam e-mail was sent. Surely most of the readers of this blog had not yet been born, as well as annoying mail with which we are bombarded in…

Is JavaScript good for machine learning?

One of the things you always hear when you are talking to someone related to the M.L. world is that, one must learn Python because the vast majority of the…

What is Machine Learning ?

Artificial Intelligence or AI is a trend in technology and has been the main topic of many philosophical debates as to where this field will lead us as humanity. This time…

Online Marketing Strategies for your Ecommerce

The impetus and desire we have to launch our online store can be counterproductive if we have not defined a pre-launch strategy. If we are determined to launch our ecommerce…

How to Improve Your Website to Attract Local Customers

If you run a small business, make no mistake: local search is imperative for your success. You might have lofty dreams of attracting the world to your website, but it’s…

We use our own and third-party cookies to improve our services, compile statistical information and analyze your browsing habits. This allows us to personalize the content we offer and to show you advertisements related to your preferences. By clicking "Accept all" you agree to the storage of cookies on your device to improve website navigation, analyse traffic and assist our marketing activities. You can also select "System Cookies Only" to accept only the cookies required for the website to function, or you can select the cookies you wish to activate by clicking on "settings".

Accept All Only sistem cookies Configuration