Php: Read, Write and Compress Files With Zlib Extension

PHP: Read, Write And Compress files with Zlib Extension
by Janeth Kent Date: 29-06-2013 compression zlib filesystem php

The zlib extension contains versions of many file-access functions, such as fopen(), fread(), and fwrite() (called gzopen(), gzread(), gzwrite(), etc.) that transparently compress data when writing and uncompress data when reading. The compression algorithm that zlib uses is compatible with the gzip and gunzip utilities.

Use PHP's zlib extension to read or write gzip'ed files. To read a compressed file:

$zh = gzopen('file.gz','r') or die("can't open: $php_errormsg");
while ($line = gzgets($zh,1024)) {
    // $line is the next line of uncompressed data, up to 1024 bytes 
gzclose($zh) or die("can't close: $php_errormsg");

Here's how to write a compressed file:

$zh = gzopen('file.gz','w') or die("can't open: $php_errormsg");
if (-1 == gzwrite($zh,$s)){ die("can't write: $php_errormsg"); }
gzclose($zh)or die("can't close: $php_errormsg");

In addition, other functions are, gzgets($zp,1024) that works like fgets($fh,1024). It reads up to 1023 bytes, stopping earlier if it reaches EOF or a newline. For gzgets( ), this means 1023 uncompressed bytes.

However, gzseek() works differently than fseek(). It only supports seeking a specified number of bytes from the beginning of the file stream (the SEEK_SET argument to fseek( )). Seeking forward (from the current position) is only supported in files opened for writing (the file is padded with a sequence of compressed zeroes). Seeking backwards is supported in files opened for reading, but it is very slow.

The zlib extension also has some functions to create compressed strings. The function gzencode( )compresses a string and gives it the correct headers and formatting to be compatible with gunzip. Here's a simple gzip program:

  $in_file = $_SERVER['argv'][1];
$out_file = $_SERVER['argv'][1].'.gz';

$ifh = fopen($in_file,'rb')  or die("can't open $in_file: $php_errormsg");
$ofh = fopen($out_file,'wb') or die("can't open $out_file: $php_errormsg");

$encoded = gzencode(fread($ifh,filesize($in_file))) or die("can't encode data: $php_errormsg");

if (-1 == fwrite($ofh,$encoded)) { die("can't write: $php_errormsg"); }
fclose($ofh)or die("can't close $out_file: $php_errormsg");
fclose($ifh)or die("can't close $in_file: $php_errormsg");

The guts of this program are the lines:

$encoded = gzencode(fread($ifh,filesize($in_file)))
                             or die("can't encode data: $php_errormsg);
if (-1 == fwrite($ofh,$encoded)) { die("can't write: $php_errormsg"); }

The compressed contents of $in_file are stored in $encoded and then written to $out_file with fwrite( ).

You can pass a second argument to gzencode( ) that indicates compression level. Set no compression with 0 and maximum compression with 9. The default level is 1. To adjust the simple gzip program for maximum compression, the encoding line becomes:

  $encoded = gzencode(fread($ifh,filesize($in_file)),9) or die("can't encode data: $php_errormsg);

You can also compress and uncompress strings without the gzip-compatibility headers by using gzcompress()and gzuncompress().

by Janeth Kent Date: 29-06-2013 compression zlib filesystem php hits : 3308  
Janeth Kent

Janeth Kent

Licenciada en Bellas Artes y programadora por pasión. Cuando tengo un rato retoco fotos, edito vídeos y diseño cosas. El resto del tiempo escribo en MA-NO WEB DESIGN END DEVELOPMENT.


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